The Impact of Digitization on Commerce
Digital Commerce – Digital transformation has reduced the costs of participating in international trade, facilitated global value chains (GVCs) coordination. It helped spread ideas and technologies, and connected more businesses and consumers worldwide. But while it has never been easier to participate in international trade, the adoption of new business models has led to more complex international business transactions and political problems.
In today’s interconnected and fast-paced world, governments face new regulatory challenges to handle the problems that arise from digital disruption. And also, ensure that the opportunities and benefits of digital Commerce can be realized and shared inclusively.
What is Digital Commerce?
While there is no single recognize and accepted definition of digital Commerce, there is a growing consensus that it encompasses digital transactions of Commerce of goods and services. That can be delivered digitally or physically and involve consumers, businesses, and governments. That can be delivered digitally or physically and involves consumers, businesses and for example, their shopping apps https://doit.software/blog/create-a-shopping-app, and governments. In other words, while all forms of digital Commerce are made possible by digital technologies, not all digital Commerce takes place digitally. For example, digital Commerce also involves trading digitally but physically delivered goods and services, such as buying a book through an online marketplace or booking an apartment through a correspondence app.
The movement of data is the foundation of digital Commerce. Data is not only a means of production, but it is also an asset that can be negotiating in itself and a means by which GVCs are organizing and services are provide. It also supports physical trade less directly by enabling the implementation of trade facilitation. Data is also at the heart of fast-growing new service delivery models such as cloud computing, IoT (IoT), and additive manufacturing.
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How is Digitization Changing Commerce?
Digitization is increasing the scale, scope, and speed of trade. It enables companies to bring new products and services to more digitally connected customers around the world. And also, it allows companies, especially smaller ones, to use new and innovative digital tools to overcome growth barriers. It facilitate payments, promote collaboration. And also, avoid capital investments by using cloud-based services, and use alternative financing mechanisms such as crowdfunding.
Digitization is also changing the way we exchange goods. For example, the growth of online platforms has led to an increase in small packages sold across international borders. It raises several questions for policymakers, ranging from the physical management of the parcel trade to the implications for risk management. For example, regarding counterfeit products or biosafety standards. And also, the impact of revenue concerning the collection of taxes and duties.
At the same time, new technologies and business models are changing the way services are produce and deliver. Blurring the already gray distinctions between goods and services and modes of delivery, and introducing new combinations of goods and services. An intelligent refrigerator requires access to the market not only for good but also for integrated service. And an item produced by 3D printing. For example, may cross a border as a design service, but it becomes good when consumed. Taken together, these questions pose new challenges for the way international trade and investment policy is developing.
Rapid technological advances are also facilitating the development of services in international cross-border trade. Information and communication technology services are the backbone of digital Commerce. By providing the necessary network infrastructure and supporting the digitization of other services. New technologies have also facilitated the rise of digital services backed by a range of new services based on innovative data-driven solutions, such as cloud computing.
Digital Trade Inventory
The complexity of digital trade issues and the diversity of the fora involved in the development of rules point to a need for greater transparency and visibility.
The Digital Trade Inventory aims to help countries navigate the evolving environment by inventorying existing rules, principles, and standards necessary for digital trade. It is hoping that this transparency exercise can enable more informed discussions on digital marketing. Although, whether at the WTO or other international organizations or in developing relevant domestic policies.
What does the Inventory cover?
The Inventory covers issues currently being discuss in the context of the Joint Statement Initiative (JSI) on e-commerce at the WTO. It comprises a paper with an overview of the issues and country-by-country data. On adopting international instruments and RTA provisions (based on the TAPED dataset). A Compare your Country tool enables users to more easily navigate the information contained in the Inventory. Which is also found in Excel format (DTI – International Instruments and DTI – Regional Trade Agreements).